Harriet Nuamah Agyemang, GPSA Project Manager, SEND GHANA
Presenter ‘Dialogue on Constructive Engagement- The Experience of Ghana’

Harriet Nuamah Agyemang is a researcher and an advocate who works for SEND GHANA. She is the Project Coordinator for ‘Making the Budget Work for Ghana Project’ under the Global Partnership for Social Accountability and heads the Greater Accra Region Networking Center of the organization. Harriets’ support of citizens’ groups through mobilization, sensitization and training has enhanced citizens’ confidence, capacity and skills in engaging local authorities on budgets and service delivery in the education and health sectors. She holds a Master of Arts degree in Development Studies from the University of Ghana and also trained as a journalist at the Ghana Institute of Journalism.

Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Chief of Staff, Office of World Bank President
Presenter ‘Forum Opening’

Junaid Ahmad is the Chief of Staff of the Office of the President at the World Bank.  Prior to this appointment, Mr. Ahmad held numerous senior positions at the Bank including; Senior Director for the Water Global Practice, Director for Sustainable Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region, Sector Manager for Social Development in South Asia Region and subsequently for Urban Water & Sanitation. He has spent 10 years in the field, first as Deputy Resident Representative and Principal Economist in Johannesburg, and then as Regional Team Leader of the Water and Sanitation Program in New Delhi. In 2004, he was a team member of the World Development Report. Mr. Ahmad first joined the Bank in 1991, working as an Economist in Africa and Eastern Europe. He holds a PhD in Applied Economics from Stanford University, an MPA from Harvard University, and a BA from Brown University.

Manish Bapna, Executive Vice President and Managing Director, World Resources Institute
Presenter ‘Framing Presentation: Constructive Engagement & Co-Production’. Twitter @ManishBapnaWRI 

Manish Bapna is the executive vice president and managing director of the World Resources Institute (WRI) and oversees their programs, chairs the management team and works to strengthen the impact of WRI research. Under his leadership, the institute has established offices in China, India and Brazil and initiated programs on cities, water, adaptation, and the sustainable development goals. Before joining WRI, Manish was executive director of the non-profit Bank Information Centre (BIC). He also served as a senior economist and task team leader at the World Bank, where he led multidisciplinary teams on rural development projects in Asia and Latin America. Earlier, he worked as a strategy consultant for McKinsey & Company in the financial services and technology industries. Manish serves on the board of directors of Oxfam America and is the incoming Co-Chair of the Open Government Partnership.

Rosário Bento Pais, Head of Unit for Civil Society and Local Authorities, Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development
Panelist ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact'

Rosario Bento Pais is Head of the Civil Society and Local Authorities Unit in the European Commission, Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development. Before that she was Head of Unit in the Climate Action Directorate-General for 5 years, member of the Cabinet of the Commissioner for agriculture, Mrs Fischer Boel, from 2004 to 2007, assistant to the Director-General in DG ENV in 2008 and Deputy-Head of the international unit for the negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Before joining the European Commission, she was a civil servant at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal. She has a degree in International relations and a master's degree in European Law.

Thomas Carothers. Vice President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Panelist Discussion: Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact

Thomas Carothers is Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He directs the Democracy and Rule of Law Program and oversees several other programs, including Carnegie Europe in Brussels, the Energy and Climate Program, and the D.C.-based Europe Program. He is the author of six critically acclaimed books and many articles in prominent journals and newspapers. He has previously served as chair of the Open Society Foundations (OSF) Global Advisory Board and currently serves as a board member of the Open Society Initiative for Europe. He is a distinguished visiting professor at the Central European University in Budapest and was previously a visiting faculty member at Oxford University, and Johns Hopkins SAIS. Prior to joining the Endowment, Carothers practiced international and financial law at Arnold & Porter and served as an attorney adviser in the office of the legal adviser of the U.S. Department of State.

John Gaventa, Research Director, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex, UK
Presenter ‘Social Accountability for Development Impact’. Twitter @JohnGaventa

Professor John Gaventa is a political sociologist, educator and civil society practitioner with over 30 years of experience in research, teaching, facilitation, and organisational leadership. Currently Director of Research at the Institute of Development Studies, he previously served as Director of the Coady International Institute and Vice President of International Development at St Francis Xavier University, Nova Scotia, Canada. Prior to that, he was a Fellow in the Power, Participation and Social Change team at IDS, and Director of the Development Research Centre on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability, based at IDS. Linking research and practice, he has written and worked extensively on issues of citizenship and citizen engagement, power and participation, governance and accountability, and leadership for social change. A former Rhodes Scholar and MacArthur Prize Fellow, in 2011 he also received the Tisch Civic Engagement Research Prize for his distinguished scholarship on civic learning, citizen participation and engaged research. 

Carl Gershman. President, National Endowment for Democracy
Panelist ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact’

Carl Gershman is President of the National Endowment for Democracy since its 1984 founding. He has overseen the creation of the quarterly Journal of Democracy, International Forum for Democratic Studies, and the Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellows Program. In 1999, he took the lead in launching the World Movement for Democracy in New Delhi; a global network of democracy practitioners and scholars. Prior to assuming the position with NED, Mr. Gershman served as the U.S. Representative to the U.N.'s Committee on human rights. Furthermore, he was a Resident Scholar at Freedom House and Executive Director of Social Democrats, USA. He has received numerous awards including The Order of the Knight’s Cross, Government of Poland; President’s Medal, George Washington University and The Distinguished Person for Advancing Democracy in China, Chinese Education Democracy Foundation. He has a BA from Yale University and a M.Ed. from Harvard Graduate School of Education.

Jeff Hall, Freelance Consultant and Researcher
Chair ‘Social Accountability and the Sustainable Development Goals’

Jeff Hall is an Independent Consultant and Researcher, providing expertise in transparency, accountability and citizen engagement to the World Bank, UN agencies, non-profits and universities. Formerly, he was Director of Local Advocacy and Deputy Advocacy Director for the Middle East and Eastern Europe, both at World Vision International. In his capacity, he oversaw World Vision's local advocacy, participatory governance, and social accountability work in 93 countries. Prior to joining World Vision, Mr. Hall served as a lawyer with the Inter-American Court for Human Rights and worked in grassroots development and human rights activism in North America, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East. From 1999-2003 he worked as assistant coordinator for Women in Development Program. He has a BA in Political Science from the University of Georgia and a Juris Doctor in Law from the University of Notre Dame Law School.

Robert Oswald Intseful, Planning Officer, Planning and Budget Unit, Ghana Education Service, Ministry of Education
Presenter ‘Dialogue on Constructive Engagement- The Experience of Ghana’

Robert Intseful works as a Planning Officer with the Planning and Budget Unit of the Ghana Education Service under the Ministry of Education. He holds a Higher National Diploma at Accra Polytechnic, a Bachelor of Management at the University of Cape Coast, and a Certificate of Professional Development in Results Based Management and Performance Indicators, awarded by the Management Development International of Illinois State University. His dedication and commitment to work sets him apart from his colleagues and he emerged as best worker at GES Headquarters in 2009. Currently, he is the Acting Head of the Planning at the Ghana Education Service Headquarters and also a facilitator of School Performance Partnership Plan (SPPP) Model being sponsored by the World Bank under Secondary Education Improvement Programme (SEIP). Robert Intseful serves a member on the Project steering Commitment of Send Ghana, a Civil Society Organization (CSO) sponsored by the World Bank.

Margaret Kakande, Head, Budget Monitoring and Accountability Unit, Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, Uganda
Panelist ‘Social Accountability and the Sustainable Development Goals’

Margaret Kakande is the Head of the Budget Monitoring and Accountability Unit under the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development. Previously, she coordinated the Energy for Rural Transformation project’s monitoring and evaluation component, under the Ministry of Energy and Mineral development. Ms. Kakande has lectured at Makerere University and served the government as a Social Infrastructure Economist, Social Policy Advisor. From 1996 to 2008, she headed the Poverty Monitoring and Analysis Unit. She is the out-going President of the Uganda Evaluation Association and is a member of the Council for Economic Empowerment of Women and a member of the Board of Directors for Development Research and Training (DRT) among others. She holds a masters in Development Economics from the University of East Anglia and a Bachelor of Statistics from Makerere University and a post-graduate diploma in feminist development economics from the Institute of Social Sciences, The Netherlands.

Sowmya Kidambi, Director, Society for Social Audit, Accountability and Transparency (SSAAT)
Panelist ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact’. Twitter @sowmyakidambi 

Sowmya is currently the Director of SSAAT (Society for Social Audit, Accountability and Transparency), Department of Rural Development, Government of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh (India) set up to facilitate the social audit of Government Schemes. Prior to joining SSAAT, from 2006 onwards she worked with the erstwhile State of Andhra Pradesh to institutionalize the social audit process as part of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. From 1998-2006, Ms. Kidambi worked at with the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) based in Rajasthan, India. MKSS played an important role in the formulation and passage of the right to information and the employment guarantee laws in India. She holds a masters in Social Work (Urban and Rural Community Development) from the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bombay, India and a Diploma in Human Rights from Columbia University, New York.

Jim Yong Kim, President, World Bank Group
Presenter ‘Forum Opening.’ Twitter @JimKim_WBG

Jim Yong Kim, M.D., Ph.D. is the 12th president of the World Bank Group. Soon after he assumed his position in July 2012, the organization established goals to end extreme poverty by 2030 and to boost shared prosperity for the poorest 40 percent of the population in developing countries.  Kim’s career has revolved around health, education, and delivering services to the poor.   Before joining the World Bank Group, Kim, a physician and anthropologist, served as the president of Dartmouth College and held professorships at Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health. From 2003 to 2005, as director of the World Health Organization’s HIV/AIDS department, he led the “3 by 5” initiative, the first-ever global goal for AIDS treatment, which greatly helped to expand AIDS treatment in developing countries. In 1987, Kim co-founded Partners In Health, a non-profit medical organization that now works in poor communities on four continents. Kim has received a MacArthur “Genius” Fellowship, has been recognized as one of America’s “25 Best Leaders” by U.S. News & World Report, and TIME magazine in 2006 named Kim among its “100 Most Influential People in the World.”

Olav Kjørven, Director, Public Partnerships, UNICEF
Panelist ‘Social Accountability and the Sustainable Development Goals’. Twitter: @olavkjorven

 Olav Kjørven is Director of UNICEF’s Public Partnerships Division. Formerly, Mr. Kjørven held a number of senior positions within the United Nations, including as the Special Adviser to the Administrator of the UDNP on the Post-2015 agenda and the Assistant Secretary-General and Director of the Bureau for Development Policy, leading UNDP’s work on accelerating progress towards the MDG’s and advancing the Post-2015 agenda. As Director of Policy for UNDP he was a senior advisor to the UN Secretary-General on the ‘Sustainable Energy For All’ initiative and led the UN’s engagement with the G20 Development Working Group. Before this appointment, Mr. Kjørven was the head of UNDP’s Environment and Energy Group. He also served as State Secretary for International Development with the Government of Norway. He began his career in development as an Environmental Specialist with the World Bank. He holds a Master’s Degree in International Affairs from George Washington University.

Besinati Mpepo, Technical Director, Local Advocacy, World Vision International.
Panelist ‘Social Accountability and the Sustainable Development Goals’. Twitter @Besinati
 

Besinati Mpepo is World Vision International’s Technical Director for Social Accountability. She oversees the scale out, adaptation and innovation of Citizen Voice and Action (CVA), World Vision’s approach to social accountability that is currently implemented in over 630 programmes across 48 countries. Over the past couple of years, Ms Mpepo has led World Vision’s policy engagement on citizen engagement in accountability for the Agenda 2030, with a focus on the often left behind - including children and young people. From 2007, Ms. Mpepo held senior positions in World Vision UK, prior to which she was the first Executive Director of the Civil Society for Poverty Reduction (CSPR) network in Zambia, responsible for coordinating Zambian civil society input to the country’s first Poverty Reduction Strategy and follow on national development plans and was instrumental in promoting citizen and CSO engagement in monitoring and accountability for pro-poor national development policy.

Meskerem (Lily) Mulatu, Acting Practice Manager for Education, West-Africa region, World Bank
Chair ‘Dialogue on Constructive Engagement- The Experience of Ghana’

Meskerem Mulatu, an Ethiopian national, joined the World Bank as part of the Young Professionals Program in 1993. In September 2014, she started her latest assignment in the Education Global Practice as a Lead Education Specialist focusing on West and Central Africa, and most recently as the Acting Practice Manager for the unit. Prior to that, she served in the Europe and Central Asia region as the Sector Leader for the South Caucasus, and spent time as the Lead Education Specialist working on Romania and the South Caucasus. She has a Bachelor degree from Mount Holyoke College and a Masters in Public Affairs from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University. Ms. Mulatu served as the World Bank’s representative to the Secretariat for Financing for Development at UN, and spent a year assigned by the World Bank as an adviser to the Superintendent of Schools for the city of Washington, DC.

Sanjay Pradhan, CEO, Open Government Partnership
Panelist ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact’. Twitter @SanjayPradhan99 

Sanjay Pradhan is the CEO of Open Government Partnership. Prior to this appointment he worked in the World Bank as Vice President for Leadership, Learning and Innovation. During this time he was also a member of the President’s Senior Management Team. Previously, Mr. Pradhan was the Vice President leading the World Bank Institute where he championed an open development approach centered around knowledge, learning, collaboration and innovation. In addition, he served as the World Bank’s Director for Governance, where he led the development of the Bank’s Governance and Anticorruption Strategy. He has authored numerous publications including being a principal author of the 1997 World Development Report, The State in a Changing World. He has addressed major high-level forums including the European Parliament, the British House of Commons, the BBC World Debate, and the TED Global Conference. He holds a PhD and a Bachelor’s degree from Harvard University.

Vijayendra Rao, Lead Economist, Development Economics Research Group, World Bank  
Presenter ‘Framing Presentation: Learning from Adaptive Management’. Twitter @bijurao         

Vijayendra Rao is a Lead Economist in the Development Research Group of the World Bank. He integrates his training in economics with theories and methods from anthropology, sociology and political science to study extreme poverty. Dr. Rao has published on a variety of subjects, including participatory development, village democracy and deliberation, and inter-disciplinary approaches to public policy. He co-authored the World Bank's Policy Research Report on Localizing Development: Does Participation Work? He heads the Social Observatory, a multi-disciplinary approach to build adaptive learning in large-scale participatory projects.  He has a BA in Economics from St. Xavier's College, Bombay, a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, and taught at the Universities of Chicago, Michigan and Williams College before joining the World Bank. He serves on the editorial boards of several journals, is a member of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), and affiliated with research institutes and NGOs worldwide.

Mark Robinson, Global Director, Governance, World Resources Institute.
Presenter ‘Update on the GPSA’. Twitter @markrWRI

Mark is Global Director, Governance at World Resources Institute. In this capacity, Mark is responsible for leading WRI's Governance Center and providing strategic and intellectual leadership around analysis, strategy, fundraising and management. Mark’s career in international development spans more than 25 years. He has held a number of leadership and management roles, most recently at the UK Department for International Development (DFID) where he led a large group of governance and conflict professionals and served as deputy director of the Research and Evidence Division. Mark has extensive research and applied policy experience on governance, transparency and conflict issues. He previously held senior positions at the Institute for Development Studies, Ford Foundation, and the Overseas Development Institute. Mark holds a PhD Comparative Politics, an MA in Agrarian Relations both from the University of Sussex and a BA honors degree in Social and Political Science from the University of Cambridge.

Jonas Rolett, Special Advisor to the Chairman, Open Society Foundations
Presenter ‘Review of Forum Day One’.

Jonas Rolett is special advisor to the chairman of the Open Society Foundations, George Soros. He has particular expertise in Eastern Europe and has worked extensively on governance, elections, civil society, and development issues. Prior to joining Open Society, Rolett worked for the National Democratic Institute on election monitoring, civic engagement, parliamentary representation, and political party development. Before that, Rolett ran a U.S.-based campaign training school for candidates and campaign managers. He also has a background in communications work and publishing. Rolett received his BA in literature and psychology from the University of North Carolina.

Roby Senderowitsch, Manager, Leadership, Learning and Innovation Client Services Department (LLI), World Bank.
Moderator ‘Government Gathering’. Twitter @RSenderowitsch 

Roby Senderowitsch currently serves as Manager of Leadership, Learning & Innovation, Country Client Services. Previously he served as Program Manager of the Global Partnership for Social Accountability (GPSA). He has also held the position as Country Manager of the World Bank in the Dominican Republic. His work in the Bank has included a strong focus on political economy analysis, building coalitions for change, anti-corruption, and performance-based management of public institutions. Before joining the Bank, Roby work with several NGOs in Argentina and Cuba, where he served as the Field Representative of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. He has been a lecturer in Human Resource management in nonprofit organizations, as well as director of educational programs and community development and human resource management in the private sector.

Gilbert Sendugwa, Programme Coordinator, Africa Freedom of Information Centre
Panelist ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact’. Twitter @GilbertSendugwa 

Gilbert Sendugwa is currently Programme Coordinator at Africa Freedom of Information Centre. In 2009, Gilbert helped lead the Transparency and Integrity in Service Delivery in Africa (TISDA) project, implemented by Transparency International, aiming to halt corruption in public services. Prior to this, Mr. Sendugwa has worked as Country Programme Coordinator at the ILO, working on CSO capacity building, training and advocacy. From 2003-2005, he was Programme Coordinator of the Legal Aid Project at the Uganda Law Society. Previously, he worked in the Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment as Information, Education and Communications Coordinator and has held the position of Programme Officer for Save the Children UK. He has a BA in Social Work and Social Administration at Makerere University, Uganda, a Diploma in Project Planning and Management and a masters in Management Studies, both from Uganda Management Institute.

 

Danny Sriskandarajah. Secretary General, CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation.
Panelist ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact’. Twitter @CIVICUSSG

Dr. Dhananjayan (Danny) Sriskandarajah is Secretary General and CEO of CIVICUS. His previous posts include Director of the Royal Commonwealth Society, Interim Director of the Commonwealth Foundation, and Deputy Director of the Institute for Public Policy Research. In 2015, he served on the UN High Level Panel on humanitarian finance. Danny has written numerous reports and academic articles on international migration and economic development. He appears regularly in the media on a range of topics, including contributing regularly to Al Jazeera, Guardian and Huffington Post. He sits on several boards, including those of the Baring Foundation, International Alert and Ockenden International, and has been a consultant to several international organizations. He holds a degree from the University of Sydney, and an MPhil and DPhil from the University of Oxford, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. In 2012, he was honored by the World Economic Forum as a Young Global Leader.

Jeff Thindwa, Practice Manager, Open and Collaborative Governance, World Bank
Presenter ‘Update on GPSA’. Twitter @JeffThindwa 

Jeff Thindwa is Practice Manager for Open and Collaborative Governance in the World Bank’s Governance Global Practice. He joined the World Bank in 2000 as Senior Social Development Specialist and later led the Participation and Civic Engagement Cluster in the Social Development Department. In 2009 he joined the Bank’s South Asia Region to help integrate social accountability in operations, and to develop the ‘Program on Accountability in Nepal’-PRAN. In 2010 Mr. Thindwa joined The World Bank Institute, and became Manager of the Social Accountability Practice in 2012. Prior to the Bank he worked 18 years in international development in Malawi, the US and the UK, following a career in law in the Malawi government and in the private sector.

Jos Verbeek, Adviser, Office of the World Bank Group President’s Special Envoy on Post 2015 Development Issues
Panelist ‘Social Accountability and the Sustainable Development Goals’. Twitter @jverbeek62 

Jos Verbeek is adviser in the office of the World Bank Group President’s Special Envoy on Post 2015 development issues. Prior to this assignment he was acting manager and lead economist in the prospects group of the development economics vice presidency also at the World Bank.  In that capacity he managed the Global Monitoring Report, a joint WBG and IMF flagship publication that monitored and reported on policies and institutions that could facilitate attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.  Preceding to this assignment, he was a lead economist in the Africa region working primarily on Uganda, Zambia and Malawi.  Earlier country assignments include Poland and the Baltic countries.  Leading up to his country economics work, Jos was an economist in the development economics vice presidency working on macroeconomic modeling.  Jos holds a PhD in economics from the Tinbergen Institute of the Erasmus University of Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Jan Walliser, Vice President, Equitable Growth, Finance and Institutions, World Bank
Presenter ‘Closing Remarks’. Twitter @JanWalliser_WB

Jan Walliser is the Vice President for the World Bank's Global Practices covering Finance & Markets, Governance, Macroeconomics & Fiscal Management, Poverty, and Trade & Competitiveness. Prior to this appointment, he was Director of Strategy and Operations in the Bank’s Africa Region providing strategic leadership and operational guidance to staff working on 48 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Previously, he managed a team of economists working in central and western Africa, which advised governments on macroeconomic policies and supported debt relief for several fragile states. Before joining the World Bank in 2002, Jan was an economist at the IMF and a Principal Analyst at the U.S. Congressional Budget Office. Jan has published in a range of professional economic journals on intergenerational aspects of fiscal policy, tax reform and aid effectiveness. He received a Ph.D. in economics from Boston University and a Diplom-Volkswirt degree from Kiel University, Germany.

Deborah Wetzel, Senior Director, Governance Global Practice, World Bank 
Chair ‘Inclusive Institutions for Development Impact’

Deborah Wetzel, a U.S. national with more than 25 years of experience in development work around the world, is the World Bank Senior Director for Governance. Prior to this she was Director of Strategy and Operations for the Middle East and North Africa Region and also has served as Country Director for Brazil, from 2012 until 2015. Ms. Wetzel was the World Bank Group’s Chief of Staff to the World Bank President from 2010 to 2012. She has also served as Director for Governance and Public Sector, and from 2006 to 2009, led the World Bank’s Economic and Public Sector Programs in Brazil. Ms. Wetzel began her career at the World Bank in 1986 as a Consultant, joining the Young Professionals Program in 1993. Prior to joining the World Bank she worked at the Centre for the Study of African Economies in Oxford England. Ms. Wetzel has a Doctorate in Economics from the University of Oxford, a Masters in International Studies from Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies and a BA from Smith College. She is the author of publications on fiscal decentralization, public finance, governance, and sub-national affairs.

Dennis Whittle, Director and Founder, Feedback Labs                
‘Framing Presentation: Learning from Adaptive Management’. Twitter @DennisWhittle

Dennis is co-founder and director of Feedback Labs, a non-profit organization. Previously, he worked as Lead Economist and Senior Partner at the World Bank, where his team created Innovation and Development Marketplaces which have been replicated in over 100 countries. He also co-founded GlobalGiving, the first global crowdfunding and crowdsourcing website, where he was CEO from 2000-2010. He has since served as Executive Chairman of Ashoka Changemakers, Visiting Fellow at the Center for Global Development, Visiting Lecturer at Princeton University, Robin Richards Donohoe Professor of the Practice and Entrepreneur in Residence at UNC-Chapel Hill, and Board Director of Internews. In 1984-85, Dennis worked for the Asian Development Bank and USAID in the Philippines, where he was an extra in the Chuck Norris film, Missing in Action. He has a BA in Religious Studies from UNC-Chapel Hill, where he was a Morehead Scholar, and an MPA from the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton.

Yongmei Zhou, Co-Director, World Development Report on Governance and Law
Presenter ‘World Development Report 2017’

Yongmei Zhou is a Co-Director of the World Development Report on Governance and the Law. She received her PhD in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley before joining the World Bank as a Young Professional in 1999. Her operational work was focused on governance reform and institutional development in Africa, South Asia and the fragile and conflict-affected states. Her analytical work was focused on the issues of corruption, legislature, decentralization, and service delivery.