Workshop Session (3)

Trends Across Themes

May 20, 2016 | 11AM-12:30 PM

1. Global Initiatives and Local Engagement: Social Accountability in the Education Sector

Chair: Ian Macpherson, Education Specialist, Global Partnership for Education.
Discussants: Matthias Lansard, Education Specialist, UNICEF Madagascar; Gabrielle Bonnet, Education Specialist, UNICEF; Helen Dabu, Deputy Regional Coordinator, Civil Society Education Fund (CSEF), Asia South Pacific Bureau for Basic and Adult Education (ASPBAE); Cheikh Mbow, National Coordinator, COSYDEP, Senegal and Bernie Lovegrove, Asia Pacific Regional Coordinator, Civil Society Education Fund (CSEF), Asia South Pacific Bureau for Basic and Adult Education (ASPBAE).

Presentation 1   Presentation 2

This session aims at deepening our understanding of various approaches to promoting social accountability and building constructive engagement between governments and civil society in the education sector. The emphasis of the session will be on: (1) exploring how global initiatives support citizen engagement in the education sector through multi-stakeholder dialogues, platforms, and consultative processes at the national level; (2) debating the barriers and enablers of policy reform and system change (3) presenting the experiences of GPSA Global Partners, grantees, and external organizations in collaborating with government authorities and mobilizing stakeholders to monitor education services at the local level. 

2. Social Accountability in Extractive Industries: Experiences and Challenges for Scaling up Impact

Chair: Kristina Svensson, Senior Mining Specialist, Energy and Extractives Global Practice, World Bank.
Discussants: Maryati Abdullah, National Coordinator, Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Indonesia; Ba Aliou Coulibaly, National Coordinator of Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Mauritania, Consultant, World Bank Group; Ana Bozena Sabogal Dunin Borkowski De Alegria, Associate Professor, Pontifical University of Lima (PUCP); Gavin Hayman, Executive Director, Open Contracting Partnership; Paul Mussenden, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Natural Resources Revenue Management, Department of Interior, US Government; and Johanna Nesseth Tuttle, Manager, Development and Public Policy, Chevron.

Effective social accountability in the extractives sector requires that citizens have the requisite information, understanding, and opportunities to engage at each stage of the extractive industry value chain, and requires that governments and companies provide data and opportunities for the public – particularly affected communities – to participate in the monitoring of revenue flows, and environmental and social impacts. This session will share experiences and document the potential impacts of implementing the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative and other social accountability initiatives at the local/sub-national level, and discuss challenges and opportunities for scaling up those impacts. The session will also present an opportunity for exploring other mechanisms for promoting social accountability in the extractive industries. During the course of the session, different stakeholders will debate the following questions, among others: What are the necessary preconditions to ensure that there is genuine collaboration between government, private sector and civil society? How can this collaboration be strengthened?

3. Supporting Citizen Engagement at the National Level: The Experience of Global Health Initiatives

Chair: Stephen Davenport, Global Lead, Open Government, World Bank Group.
Discussants: Bruno Rivalan, Head of the French Office, Global Health Advocates; Dr. Joanne Carter, Executive Director, Results/GFF CSO Representative; Bertrand Kampoer Pfouminzhouer, Executive Director, Coordination, FIS Cameroon; Amy Dietterich, Senior Officer, IFRC/Civil Society Coordinator GAVI; Motoko Seko, Technical Advisor, Gender, Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and Dr. Anung Sugihantono, MKes, Director General of Community Health, Government of Indonesia.

This session aims at deepening our understanding of the various mechanisms available for promoting social accountability and building constructive engagements between governments and civil society in the health sector. The emphasis of the session will be on exploring how global health initiatives support citizen engagement in the health sector through multi-stakeholder dialogues, platforms, and consultative processes at the national level. We will explore the different modalities though which global initiatives support citizen engagement in health policy at the national level; describe how the process unfolds; and outline good practices and lessons learned in this area.

4. Social Accountability in States Of Fragility

Chair: Alexandre Marc, Chief Technical Specialist, Fragility, Conflict and Violence, World Bank;
Discussants: Alpha Umaro Sesay, Governance Director, IBIS Sierra Leone; Fredline M’Cormack-Hale, GPSA Project Manager, IBIS Sierra Leona; Michel Zabiti Zumbi, Eastern DR Congo Health Coordinator and GPSA Project Manager, CORDAID DRC; Izabella Toth, Senior Policy and Advocacy Strategist, CORDAID and Guillaume Labrecque, Governance Advisor, International Rescue Committee.

Within the GPSA portfolio of 49 opted-in countries, almost 20% of them are listed as fragile states and more are situated at some point in the fragility continuum. Moreover, GPSA Global partners’ work extends to many other states of fragility. This session aims to reflect on social accountability processes in fragile and conflict-affected contexts. It seeks to highlight how social accountability is devised in these contexts in order to create spaces for civil society-government engagement in a constructive and collaborative manner. Drawing from the presenters’ experiences, the session will seek to spark a discussion with participants to explore the ways in which social accountability processes can adapt to changing dynamics in fragile contexts.

5. Social Accountability’s Present and Future: The Role of Children and Youth

Chair: Benjamin Herzberg, Program Lead, Leadership, Learning and Innovation, World Bank
Discussants: Bob Muchabaiwa, Global Investment in Children Manager, Save the Children International; Tamta Golubiani, Country Director, Save the Children Georgia; Anne-Sophie Ranjbar, Associate Director, Accountability Lab and Callie-King Guffey, Reseach and Communications Consultant, UNICEF.

The applicability of social accountability, both as a development tool and an approach, to various sectors such as health, education, extractives, construction, water and sanitation is uncontested and its practice is gaining momentum worldwide. The role of children and young people, however, remains to be discussed: how can they be involved as active change agents and not passive beneficiaries of services and programs? This session will explore strategies and adaptations needed to ensure social accountability methods and tools are child and youth-friendly, considering their diverse situations, including varying vulnerabilities and access to opportunities. Using empirical examples from Cambodia, Georgia, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan and other countries, the session will demonstrate and discuss social accountability projects involving youth and children, as well as projects acting on their behalf to ensure the fulfilment of their rights and their recognition as actors within accountability systems. 

6. Citizen Engagement in Public Financial Management: Lessons from Bangladesh and Nepal

Chair: Juan Pablo Guerrero, Network Director, Global Initiative for Fiscal Transparency
Discussants: Carolina Luisa Vaira, Senior Governance Specialist, World Bank; Anowarul Haq, Director, Extreme Rural Poverty Program, CARE Bangladesh; Harika Masud, Governance Specialist, World Bank and Paolo de Renzio, Senior Research Fellow, International Budget Partnership.

Presentation

Social accountability in public financial management (PFM) is about enhancing transparency and effectiveness in budgeting, resource allocation and public spending. Increased citizen voice and participation in the preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, programs and projects, has been shown to significantly improve the accountability of governments and service providers - ultimately improving the effectiveness of social policies and projects and development indicators in general. There are several ongoing initiatives to enhance budget transparency and monitoring, improve performance audits and increase access to information and public participation. Depending on the context, the proponents and drivers of these initiatives differ and the level of government receptiveness varies. The entry points for CSOs and citizen engagement is also context-specific. At this session, we will examine the global trends in PFM engagements - with a focus on the challenges, opportunities and entry points for improving citizen and civil society engagement in the processes. Discussants will also share lessons learnt from ongoing initiatives in Bangladesh and Nepal.

7. Advancing Social Accountability in the Water Sector

Chair: Veronica Nyhan Jones, Head, Advisory Services, Infrastructure and Natural resources, IFC/WBG.
Discussants: Ben Blumenthal, Co-Team Leader Governance & Peace, Senior Advisor Governance, Helvetas; Louisa Gosling, Manager, Quality Programs, International Programs, WaterAid UK and Andres Hernandez, Associate Professor, Interdisciplinary Center for Development Studies, Universidad de los Andes.

The session will consist of a brainstorming session on how to advance social accountability in the water sector, as well as discuss opportunities and challenges. Practitioners may approach the work on the Water sector from various perspectives, including from a human right angle, as a governance/ integrity issue; and as a service delivery issue. This has different implications for implementing social accountability in the water sector. Presentations will focus on key approaches used in several country programmes, challenges faced during project implementation, and results achieved so far. This session will also examine the incentives, approaches and issues of interest for businesses and utilities to engage with communities and governments around social accountability in the water sector.

8. Connecting the Dots: Strengthening Political and Horizontal Accountability

Moderators: Jonathan Fox, Professor, School of International Service, American University and Brendan Halloran, Senior Fellow for Impact and Learning, International Budget Partnership.
Discussants: Alberto Fernandez, Programme Officer, Global Programmes, International IDEA; Sowmya Kidambi, Director, Society for Social Audit, Accountability and Transparency, Government of Telangana & Andhra Pradesh, India and Anuradha Joshi, Senior Fellow, Governance, Institute of Development Studies.

Increasingly, states are adopting formal checks and balances to promote ‘horizontal accountability’ through oversight, auditing or other functions. However, horizontal accountability mechanisms often lack real teeth to combat impunity and corruption. In recent years, efforts have been made to strengthen these processes and institutions through international standards and professionalization, as well as through campaigns and engagement by civil society.

This session will include a discussion and debate about what it takes to connect citizen and state pro-accountability processes and efforts to have real impacts. Understanding the political bargaining involved in establishing accountability mechanisms, and how they fit vis-à-vis other elements of the political system, sheds light on both what we can expect from these institutions and how they might be best leveraged by social actors to contribute to public accountability.