Breakout Sessions - Round 2
October 31, 2018 | 2:00-3:30PM
|Please note that these sessions are in draft form, and therefore are subject to change.|
1. Investing in Grassroots Leadership Development Strategies for Social Accountability
Moderator: Jonathan Fox, Accountability Research Center
Discussants: Joy Aceron, Director, Government Watch, Philippines; Paulina Culum, Network of Community Health Rights Defenders, Guatemala; Wunna Htun, Myanmar Program Coordinator, Bank Information Center; Nani Zulminarni, Director, PEKKA, Women-Headed Households Program, Indonesia
Social accountability contributes to human capital through its problem-solving role in public services. Yet social accountability initiatives can also broaden the public constituencies for policy change in favor of more inclusionary and effective public services. Panelists are frontline strategists who will share experiences with efforts to bolster both roles for citizen participation by investing in grassroots leadership development and capacity-building. Each participant is involved in efforts that “broaden the base” for more effective policies. G-Watch in the Philippines convenes a national network of grassroots policy monitors, including the conditional cash transfer program. Guatemala’s indigenous Network of Community Health Rights Defenders monitors clinic performance in 35 municipalities. Indonesia’s Women-Headed Households advocates for the right to identity and access to basic social programs for socially marginalized women. In Myanmar, Bank Information Center is documenting the implementation of citizen engagement & capacity-building measures in a World Bank-funded public health program.
2. Collaborative and Coproduced Anti-corruption through Social Accountability: How to Contribute to the Human Capital Project?
Moderator: Jim Anderson, Lead Governance Specialist, Governance Global Practice, World Bank Group
Presenters: Paula Chies Schommer, Santa Catarina State University, Udesc; Johannes Tonn, Director for Anti-Corruption and Partnerships, Global Integrity; Paola Liliana Buttiglione, Project Manager and Coordinator, "Integrity Pacts: Civil Control Mechanism for Safeguarding EU Funds", ActionAid Italy
Corruption can be an obstacle to the effective financing and delivery of policies that contribute towards human capital. People, especially the poor, are affected when resources are misallocated. One key way to confront corruption is to create pathways that give citizens relevant mechanisms to engage and participate in their government, including in anti-corruption (watch this video). This session will promote the exchange of stakeholders doing and researching innovative anti-corruption actions by engaging citizens and state actors at once. It will highlight insights of collaborative and coproduced anti-corruption through social accountability (and public finance accountability) for human capital. The assumption is that social accountability and citizen engagement for anti-corruption needs to be integrated with broader, on-going reform efforts to contribute to a population’s health, skills, knowledge, experience, and habits (or human capital). This requires rethinking how we do anti-corruption with a multi-stakeholder collaborative or coproduced lens.
Participants will be asked to share: How their experiences can inform the integration of social accountability in the human capital project? What is the value add of citizen engagement for solving human capital problems in the implementation of ongoing reforms? What are we learning by doing about collaboration and coproduction? What are the opportunities and challenges? What does it take to broker multi-stakeholder action for controlling corruption? The session is also grounded in the World Development Report 2017.
3. Can Social Accountability Improve Health? Mapping Pathways and Pain Points from the Transparency for Development Program
Presenters: Courtney Tolmie, Senior Program Director, Results for Development; Preston Whitt, Program Officer, Results for Development;
Akshay Dixit, Research Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School
Can community-led transparency and accountability improve health outcomes? Are there health problems (including problems related to budgeting and finance) or specific social actions that communities can take that are more or less common – or likely to trigger changes? The Transparency for Development (T4D) project has explored these questions using a mixed-method multi-country impact evaluation over the past five years, and in this interactive session, we will share early findings and emerging actionable results (pathways and pain points) regarding mechanisms and actions for social accountability for health, get feedback on the resonance and relation to real-world experience of these results, and co-create ideas for additional questions (research) as well as implications (practice) with regard to how social accountability can be more effective.
4. The Role of Collaborative Social Accountability in Fragile, Conflict and Violent Settings
Moderator: Helene Grandvoinnet, Lead Public Sector Specialist, Governance Global Practice, World Bank
Presenters: José Cruz-Osorio, Team Leader of the Responsive and Accountable Institutions team in the Governance and Peacebuilding Division of UNDP’s Bureau for Policy and Programme Support ; Mr. Tanka Mani Sharma, Auditor General, Office of the Auditor General, Government of Nepal; Kees Zevenbergen, CEO, CORDAID; Hadia Samaha, Senior Operations Officer, West/Central African Region, Health Nutrition & Population Global Practice
Current social and political conflicts call for renewed forms of collaboration between multiple actors, especially in fragile contexts. Peacebuilding, humanitarian and development initiatives must find new ways of converging to strengthen state legitimacy and its capacity to respond to citizens’ demands. This session will discuss the relevance of collaborative social accountability processes in fragile contexts: How can they help ongoing multi-stakeholder initiatives to ensure integrity for better performance of the states through citizen engagement? What types of collaborative schemes are needed to align these efforts? The GPSA is supporting several projects that are exploring these questions. Many Global Partners, and other World Bank and donor-supported initiatives are also working on better linking civil society monitoring to help bridge government and citizens to mitigate FCV risks in line with the support to IDA 18 for the achievement of SDGs.
5. The Closing of Civic Space - a Threat to Development?
Moderator: Joseph Siegle, Director of Research, Africa Center for Strategic Studies
Presenters: Helena Bjuremalm, Deputy Head of Unit for Democracy and Human Rights, Sida; Naomi Hossein, Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies; Mrs. Annika Silva-Leander, Head of Democracy Assessment and Political Analysis, International IDEA; Jeff Thindwa, Program Manager, GPSA, Governance Global Practice, World Bank
The closing civic space often does not affect CSOs in an equal manner. A common approach for governments is to distinguish between CSOs that promote human rights and criticize or challenge government decision-making and CSOs that the state sees as helping achieve development objectives and other governmental policies and priorities. A recent IDS study notes that while in many developing countries, civic and political rights have been exercised to support the realization of basic human needs, some countries noted for their high growth and rapid human development appear to have achieved such gains without the benefits of an open civic space. This draws attention to the conditions under which civil society contributes to inclusive development processes. The pertinent question is how does this closing and changing civic space effect development and how does it affect the relationship between the government and the citizen both in the short- and in the long-run? This session will discuss the closing civic space, touching on how we can measure it over time, what the international community can do to counterbalance the trend, and what the closing civic space mean for development effectiveness.
6. Unleashing Citizen Capacity for Social Accountability through Social Labs
Moderator: Deborah Isser, Lead Governance Specialist, World Bank
Presenters: Charles Kajoloweka, Founder and Executive Director of Youth and Society (YAS), Malawi; Evan Bloom, Founder of Root Change, US.;
David Bonbright, Founder of Keystone Accountability, U.K.
The importance of locally designed and led development efforts is now widely acknowledged in the development sector. But examples of local community members designing and testing the efficacy of their own social accountability strategies and interventions is still rare. Youth and Society (YAS), Root Change and Keystone are currently facilitating eleven such community-led experiments in Malawi through two Social Labs. Our experience in Malawi with Social Labs offers a promising new approach to improve trust, citizen voice, and accountability. Social Labs bring together a diverse group of system actors (from citizens, to CBOs, NGOs, INGOs and local government) and gives them a space to co-develop a portfolio of testable strategies that they can rapidly deploy in two-month learning sprints, in the process building their human capital. In this session, presenters will share insights from Social Labs, including a “lean experimentation” process that can be entirely led by local community members.
7. Policies, Politics and Public Investment: How, Where and to Whom do Money and Water Flow at Local Level?
Presenters: Lotte Feuerstein, Programme Manager & Acting Executive Director, Water Integrity Network; Stephanie de Chassy, Head of Governance and Inequality Programming, Oxfam Great Britain
Moderator: Ann-Sofie Jespersen, Senior Governance Specialist
The aim of the session is to better understand the interplay between local politics, community needs and accountability mechanisms. Who makes financing decisions for infrastructure and service provision, how do they decide, and who benefits financially and in terms of better services. The session will be kicked off with evidence from five county case studies in Kenya which examine how the interfaces between the public finance and water service delivery systems work in theory and practice, and what accountability breakdowns and pathways emerge from that. In particular, the presentation will provide first-hand account of how participatory budgeting works and addresses community water needs in the different counties and what accountability issues and moral hazards arise around financing of (local) government owned water service providers. Based on experiences from their GPSA programme in Tajikistan, Oxfam will then illustrate how nurturing strong connections between users and a multi-stakeholders consumer advisory board increased willingness to pay for water and resulted in higher revenues for the water utility. They will also reflect on challenges of sustainability when there is a discrepancy between the ability of the government to maintain the systems and users' expectations. Based on these practical examples we will debate how civil society partners, WB and other institutional actors can creatively support people in following the money, activating genuine social accountability processes and navigating their political dimension, with the additional challenge to ensure inclusion and gender equality.